Each morning in his townhouse within the tony San Francisco neighborhood of Pacific Heights, the person as soon as known as Britain’s Invoice Gates will get to work.

That man, Mike Lynch, checks in together with his funding agency, Invoke Capital, on its latest efficiency. He speaks with researchers in Cambridge, England, whom he funds personally, in regards to the methods synthetic intelligence could possibly be used to assist these with listening to difficulties. He receives updates on the heritage Purple Ballot cattle and different livestock at his farm in Suffolk, within the east of England.

Finally, Mr. Lynch, 58, turns to his most vital process: defending himself in opposition to 16 prison counts of conspiracy and fraud. If convicted, he’ll resist 20 years behind bars.

The trial begins on Monday in San Francisco, the place federal prosecutors — who extradited Mr. Lynch from Britain in Might and positioned him below home arrest — have accused the previous tech mogul of defrauding Hewlett-Packard of billions when he sold HP his software company, Autonomy, for $11 billion in 2011.

In 2012, HP introduced an $8.8 billion write-down and blamed it on “severe accounting improprieties” at Autonomy. Shocked buyers referred to as it one of many worst acquisitions in history. Mr. Lynch has since waged a sequence of complicated, overlapping authorized battles in the USA and Britain.

In 2022, a London choose in a civil case discovered Mr. Lynch and Sushovan Hussain, Autonomy’s former finance chief, responsible for defrauding HP. The choose stated the case was “amongst the longest and most complicated in English authorized historical past,” with the trial operating for greater than three months, the presentation of tens of 1000’s of paperwork and, in the long run, a ruling that ran to effectively over 1,000 pages.

Mr. Lynch contests HP’s claims and plans to attraction the ruling. His legal professionals referred to as it “a case research in purchaser’s regret,” and level the finger at HP’s executives for mismanaging Autonomy. Hearings had been held final month to resolve on damages, with HP in search of some $4 billion and Mr. Lynch arguing that he owed nothing.

Mr. Lynch’s authorized travails additionally function a reminder of the decline of Hewlett-Packard, a onetime titan of the U.S. expertise trade. The previous Silicon Valley big has since break up up, and has lengthy been overshadowed by youthful leviathans like Alphabet, Apple and Microsoft.

For his upcoming prison trial, Mr. Lynch’s odds don’t look good. The choose, Charles Breyer of the Northern District of California, has dismissed among the proof Mr. Lynch’s legal professionals tried to introduce which they are saying confirmed that HP mismanaged Autonomy after buying the corporate. Choose Breyer additionally oversaw the trial of Mr. Hussain, who was convicted in 2018 of fees just like these Mr. Lynch now faces. Mr. Hussain was just lately launched from a federal jail in Pennsylvania.

Final yr, Mr. Lynch misplaced a bid to keep away from extradition regardless of lobbying the British authorities, which had authorised his switch to the USA on the identical day because the judgment in opposition to him within the civil case introduced by HP.

Final month, he sued the Critical Fraud Workplace, Britain’s securities regulator, over its dealing with of knowledge requests by the USA authorities. The lawsuit, a last-ditch bid to delay the U.S. prison trial, was settled earlier this month.

Mr. Lynch nonetheless wields appreciable sources to defend himself within the San Francisco courtroom. “Mike Lynch has religion that he shall be vindicated when he lastly will get an opportunity to inform his story to a jury,” Reid Weingarten, considered one of a number of distinguished white-collar protection legal professionals representing Mr. Lynch in the USA, stated in an announcement. “We look ahead to this chance to inform Mike Lynch’s story and permit him to place this unlucky chapter behind him.”

Since his extradition, Mr. Lynch has lived below 24-hour surveillance and court-mandated personal safety, a drastic fall for a person as soon as thought-about considered one of Britain’s largest tech success tales.

Born right into a working-class household exterior of London, he attended personal faculty on a scholarship and graduated from Cambridge earlier than founding Autonomy in 1996. The corporate helped purchasers analyze unstructured data in an effort to unearth hidden insights about their companies.

By 2011, Autonomy had turn into considered one of Britain’s most distinguished expertise corporations, with its dwelling base of Cambridge generally referred to as “Silicon Fen.”

“He actually raised the profile of Cambridge expertise,” stated Tony Quested, the editor of Enterprise Weekly, a expertise commerce publication primarily based in Cambridge. “There wasn’t that a lot round on the time.”

Mr. Lynch turned a celeb in British tech circles. He was a member of the Royal Society, one of many nation’s high scientific associations; an adviser to David Cameron, the prime minister on the time; and sat on the board of the BBC.

HP, then led by Léo Apotheker, a former chief of the German software program big SAP, stumble on the notion of shopping for Autonomy to remodel itself from an getting old {hardware} supplier to a higher-margin software program firm. HP agreed to buy Autonomy in mid-2011 for some 60 p.c greater than its market worth.

Issues soured shortly.

Mr. Apotheker was out as chief government a month after the deal was introduced, as buyers and analysts revolted in opposition to each the excessive value of the Autonomy acquisition and a plan to spin off HP’s private pc division (which was born from one other main takeover, of Compaq.)

He was changed by Meg Whitman, the previous eBay chief who sat on HP’s board. Inside HP, Autonomy’s star shortly dimmed amid quickly declining gross sales. Mr. Lynch, who clashed with Ms. Whitman, was fired in Might 2012.

Later that yr, HP stated it had been duped by Autonomy, misled by improprieties together with the backdating of contracts and the usage of {hardware} gross sales to bolster income, notably on the finish of 1 / 4. The multibillion-dollar write-down marked the start of Mr. Lynch’s authorized travails, which can culminate this month in one other lengthy and sophisticated trial.

Over time, Mr. Lynch has denied the characterization that the corporate was riddled with fraud. He has blamed Ms. Whitman, now the USA ambassador to Kenya, and different senior executives who clashed with him, for Autonomy’s disintegration. His legal professionals have argued in court docket filings that HP executives, for instance, knew in regards to the {hardware} gross sales and hadn’t raised them as a difficulty.

They’ve pointed to inner emails exhibiting the shifting calculations of Autonomy’s price, at one level placing it at greater than $11 billion. They’ve additionally famous that accountants for EY, the worldwide accounting and consulting agency beforehand often called Ernst & Younger, who had been working for HP had not believed the Autonomy takeover value was inflated due to accounting irregularities.

U.S. federal prosecutors argued in court docket paperwork that Mr. Lynch, lengthy often called a hard-charging boss, relished being robust and sustaining management. (In a single submitting, authorities legal professionals described an inner gross sales video at Autonomy wherein he portrayed himself as a Mafia don, and famous that he had named convention rooms after James Bond film villains.) Witness depositions have included Ms. Whitman and Catherine Lesjak, HP’s former chief monetary officer.

The prosecutors have sought to introduce tens of 1000’s of displays and a 44-person witness record, they usually estimate that the trial may final till the top of Might.

Mr. Lynch’s freedom, and his legacy, are at stake.

He has sought to foster a fame as a public mental by giving interviews as regards to expertise, however has stored a low profile since his extradition. His final printed piece was in April, when he inspired British policymakers to embrace A.I. start-ups.

Autonomy is now a part of the Canadian software program firm OpenText. Mr. Lynch’s funding agency, Invoke, has made essential early investments in corporations just like the cybersecurity supplier Darktrace.

However associations with Mr. Lynch could be fraught. In December, Darktrace shareholders rejected a nominee for the board proposed by Invoke. And within the firm’s financial filings, Darktrace has described “Autonomy associated issues” as a threat “from each a reputational and a authorized perspective.”

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