The decision from the presidential primaries is already in, however one of the best information on what they imply for the final election is barely now starting to reach.

That information is vote historical past: a person-by-person report of who voted and who didn’t. It affords a definitive account of the make-up of the voters, and it’ll assist reply among the most vital questions of the first season, from whether or not the Nikki Haley voters already again President Biden as to whether the first outcomes recommend Mr. Biden is best positioned than the polls recommend.

Final week, we obtained the primary large tranche of vote historical past information from a spot the place we’ve done a recent state poll: Georgia.

At the least right here, it suggests that almost all Haley voters already supported Mr. Biden in 2020. It additionally implies that Mr. Biden’s energy within the primaries is just not inconsistent with polls exhibiting him struggling amongst younger and Black voters.

Within the Republican major in Georgia, Ms. Haley received 13.2 % of the vote. That won’t have been wherever close to sufficient to win, nevertheless it may simply be sufficient to be an enormous headache for Donald J. Trump if these are Republicans who’ve soured on the previous president.

The vote historical past information affords just a few clues suggesting that Mr. Trump doesn’t have a lot to fret about right here — or a minimum of nothing new to fret about. Most of those voters already backed Mr. Biden within the 2020 election and proceed to again him in 2024.

There are two items of proof to help this concept.

The primary comes from the vote historical past information from earlier partisan primaries in Georgia. That information exhibits that about 10 % of voters on this month’s Republican major had voted in a Democratic major within the final eight years — a very good indication that they could have been Democrats voting in a Republican contest. These voters in all probability backed Ms. Haley by a large margin.

A second comes from our October Occasions/Siena survey of Georgia, which we matched to the brand new vote historical past data. Respondents who voted within the current Republican presidential major mentioned that they had voted for Mr. Trump over Mr. Biden by a margin of 82 % to 12 % in 2020, a tally much like what these voters say they’ll do in November. Each tallies mirror Mr. Trump’s 85-13 victory within the Georgia major.

The similarity between the Republican major outcomes and the ballot responses of Republican major voters recommend that almost all of Mr. Trump’s weak spot within the major merely got here from these already inclined to again Mr. Biden in 2020 and 2024.

Amongst stable Republicans, Mr. Trump stays on stronger footing. He held a 94-2 polling lead over Mr. Biden amongst Republican major voters who recognized as Republicans within the Occasions/Siena survey. Equally, he had a 91-3 lead amongst Republican major voters who had not voted in a current Democratic major.

The Democratic major has not been aggressive this 12 months, and Georgia was no exception. Total, President Biden gained 95 % of the vote in Georgia, one among his greatest tallies wherever within the nation.

Not surprisingly, the Occasions/Siena ballot final fall discovered no proof of great dissent amongst these voters: Mr. Biden had a 96-0 lead over Mr. Trump amongst Occasions/Siena respondents who went on to vote within the Democratic major, 4 months later.

What’s attention-grabbing is that the Occasions/Siena ballot discovered loads of proof of Democratic dissent among the many broader group of registered voters. Within the head-to-head polling matchup in Georgia in October, Mr. Trump led Mr. Biden by six factors, together with discovering Mr. Biden at simply 76-19 amongst Black voters total. (In 2020, he gained round 90 % of the Black vote in Georgia.)

So why did Mr. Biden win a decisive victory when the polls confirmed him faring comparatively poorly? The vote historical past information suggests the reply is straightforward: Those that voted within the Democratic major and the broader group of registered voters are very completely different, with very completely different views of Mr. Biden.

Total, simply 4 % of registered voters turned out within the Democratic major. Practically half have been 65 and over; simply 5 % have been below 30. It seems that this outdated and extremely engaged group of Democrats could be very loyal to Mr. Biden.

That is notably clear seeing Biden’s help amongst Black voters, who account for over one-fourth of the voters in Georgia.

Remarkably, not one of the Black voters who flirted with Mr. Trump within the October ballot — those that mentioned they might select him in November 2024 — ended up voting in a major, whether or not within the Republican major or as Democratic dissenters. Mr. Biden led, 96-0, within the Occasions/Siena ballot amongst self-identified Black voters who turned out within the March 12 major, versus 74-21 amongst all different Black voters. Regardless of Mr. Trump’s help within the ballot, solely about 5 % of Black major voters determined to forged a poll within the Republican major, based on state voter data.

That is not the first time we’ve seen an enormous distinction between major voters and the remainder of the voters. In Occasions/Siena information, Mr. Biden is struggling badly amongst irregular younger and nonwhite voters, serving to to offer Mr. Trump a slim lead amongst registered voters nationwide. On the identical time, Mr. Trump fares poorly amongst extremely engaged voters, like those that vote in particular elections.

Mr. Biden has main weaknesses within the polling, however his issues aren’t being put to the take a look at in low-turnout primaries. The final election is when the irregular voters have a tendency to indicate up, in the event that they present up in any respect.

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