Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York and the bulk chief, plans to push ahead this week with a second vote on a bipartisan border enforcement invoice that Senate Republicans killed earlier this 12 months on the urging of former President Donald J. Trump.

The measure is sort of sure to be blocked once more, however Democrats hope to make use of the failed vote to sharpen an election-year distinction with the G.O.P. on a crucial difficulty that polls present is a significant potential legal responsibility for President Biden and their candidates.

Democrats will purpose to neutralize the difficulty by displaying voters that they and Mr. Biden have tried to get migration on the U.S. border with Mexico below management, however have been thwarted repeatedly by Republicans following the lead of Mr. Trump.

“The previous president made clear he would moderately protect the difficulty for his marketing campaign than resolve the difficulty in a bipartisan vogue,” Mr. Schumer wrote in a letter to colleagues that heralded the invoice’s provisions and outlined his plans. “On cue, lots of our Republican colleagues abruptly reversed course on their prior assist, saying their newfound opposition to the bipartisan proposal.”

After months of negotiation, Republicans and Democrats reached an improbable immigration compromise in February — one which G.O.P. lawmakers had insisted was a prerequisite for offering extra support to Ukraine — that appeared to have an opportunity at passage. However Mr. Trump referred to as it too weak and instructed his allies in Congress to vote it down. The measure failed when it fell in need of the 60 votes wanted to advance within the Senate, with all however 4 Republicans voting to dam it. (In the 50-to-49 vote, three Democrats and one unbiased additionally voted “no,” denying the measure even a easy majority.)

Mr. Biden, whose workforce helped hammer out the deal, urged assist for it on Monday in a press release from Karine Jean-Pierre, the White Home press secretary, that stated, “We strongly assist this laws and name on each senator to place partisan politics apart and vote to safe the border.”

Amongst different adjustments to immigration legislation, the measure would make it tougher to achieve asylum in america and enhance detentions and deportations of these crossing into the nation with out authorization. It could additionally successfully shut the border altogether if the common variety of migrants encountered by immigration officers exceeded a sure threshold — a mean of 5,000 over the course of per week or 8,500 on any given day. The invoice additionally would give the president energy to shut the border unilaterally if migrant encounters attain a mean of 4,000 per day over per week.

Whereas crossings have fallen considerably in latest months, the common quantity per day over the month of March far exceeded these thresholds, at simply over 6,000, according to Customs and Border Protection. Polls present People are deeply involved concerning the state of the southern border.

The compromise measure was negotiated by Senator James Lankford, Republican of Oklahoma; Senator Christopher S. Murphy, Democrat of Connecticut; and Senator Kyrsten Sinema, unbiased of Arizona. Mr. Murphy joined Mr. Schumer at a information convention final week to announce he was reintroducing the invoice.

“If Republicans assume this case on the border is an emergency, then let’s give them one other probability to do the appropriate factor,” Mr. Murphy stated.

Republicans shortly signaled that they deliberate to dam the invoice once more.

“This ‘border safety invoice’ doesn’t safe the border. Within the palms of Biden, it’d make the border far LESS safe,” Senator Mike Lee, Republican of Utah, wrote on social media. “I’ll be voting ‘heck no!’”

“Ought to it attain the Home, the invoice could be lifeless on arrival,” Speaker Mike Johnson and the remainder of the Home Republican management workforce wrote in a joint assertion.

Mr. Lankford spoke out final week on the Senate flooring in opposition to Mr. Schumer’s plan to once more convey up the invoice he had helped negotiate, calling the transfer political.

“Why are we doing this?” Mr. Lankford stated. “All of the American folks see it. All people sees that is political.”

Mr. Lankford pointed to a memo written by his Democratic colleagues that credited the dying of the border invoice with serving to Consultant Tom Suozzi, a Democrat, flip a seat in New York.

“The invoice that I labored with Senator Murphy and Senator Sinema on — we’re not going to have the ability to go,” Mr. Lankford stated. “So let’s discover the sections of it that we will go. The worst-case situation is doing nothing. That’s what we’re at present doing.”

Carl Hulse and Michael D. Shear contributed reporting.

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